Website visitors expect their privacy to be protected
Website security refers to the measures taken to protect a website and its users from unauthorized access, use, disclosure, disruption, modification, or destruction of information.
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There are several ways to secure a website, including the following:
Encryption: Data transmitted between the user’s device and the website’s server can be encrypted to prevent it from being intercepted by unauthorized parties. The most common encryption protocol used on the web is HTTPS (HTTP Secure), which encrypts data using SSL/TLS certificates.
Authentication: This is the process of verifying the identity of users before they are allowed to access a website. This is typically done through a login process, where a user provides a username and password.
Access Control: Once a user is authenticated, access controls determine what the user is authorized to do on the website. This includes things like reading, writing, and editing data.
Input validation: User input is a common source of security vulnerabilities, so it is important to validate all user input to ensure that it is in the correct format and does not contain any malicious code.
Firewall: A firewall is a system that monitors and controls incoming and outgoing network traffic based on pre-defined security rules. It is used to prevent unauthorized access to a website.
Secure coding: All the code that runs on a website should be written securely, to avoid common vulnerabilities such as SQL injection and cross-site scripting (XSS).
This is a summary of common website security practices, there are many other techniques to secure the website and its infrastructure, including security compliance standards like PCI-DSS, ISO 27001, SOC 2.
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